Greene County, the 11th county designated, dates to 1786. Both the county and its seat of government, Greensboro (despite the different spelling), honor Nathaniel Greene who ranked next to General George Washington during the Revolutionary War. A native of Rhode Island, Greene accepted a gift of Georgia land at the close of the war. He took up residence in the state only several years later, though, and lived here for just one year before he died of a sunstroke.
Incorporated on February 3, 1786, today the county encompasses a population of 16,031 and 406 square miles.